Hypothesis on the origin of the epiteth of Torino. - Roberto - page 1
Hathor - Ator -Thor - Nut e Hathor - Api - Taurinorum
The origin of the foundation of the town of Torino is tied up to a myth.
A myth is a story that always comes from an historical fact, an important man or an event.
Such facts were handed on by oral tradition and sometimes the stories were written by historians or by the ones who knew writing.
Historical tales were often put into rhyme by poets. Ancient poets used to connect historical human facts with spirituality concerning vicissitudes. Ancient conceptions didn't separe with clear borders people's events (I would say laical) from religious or metaphysical facts. Religion,astrology,science and knowledge were part of culture and of human chronicles.
These reports were always in connection with causes and motivations that involved the trascendent world. As a matter of fact Gods were not concepts or abstract and incomprehensibles characters (as it happens at present time in monotheist conception). The same Gods represented the emotional men's world and the archetype too.
This is the reason for Gods were considered as interactive entities with human world.
All ancient writers and historians have transmitted us Fetonte's myth (greek version) or Osiri's (egyptian one), also called Giove(the just. From this mythical history, similar by the way to the stories about the Kings of Rome, we get knowledge of the foundation of Torino, on highly civil bases, as egyptian settlement. Stories say that italian inhabitants(in the pre Etruscan period) were tyrannized by not better defined Giants and that Osiri defied them and founded the town on the bases of a much more advanced civilisation. It's not so clear, in the different authors, if Fetonte was the Greek name of Osiri or if he was his brother. This doubt remains because the same Osiri was also called.
Iside and Osiride under the Sky (Nut goddess).
It's neither clear in the same writers, Polibio (greek historian) is the most famous among them, the name of the ancient pre-roman Torino. Boccaccio and Tesauro too say that was given to the river(Po) the name of Eridano because Eridano (perhaps one of Fetonte's sons) falled in the river during a cart race(bighe. Both say that the town got probably the name from the river(Eridania. But their is only a probable supposition, not a sure statement, because more ancient historians mention Torino as: "the town of Taurini" or "Urbe of Taurini". (es.: Tito Livio)
So,not having a written historical certitude,we may make logical suppositions starting from what we know.
If(I use conditional tence because we don't have contemporary documents to the facts we are talking about)the foundation of the civil town came from an egyptian colonisation and knowing that in Roman Age(ante Christ) the most diffused religion was the Isidea one(of egyptian root) we can state that there has been a strong cultural egyptian component besides The Etrusca and Greek one (mediterranean civilisations).
We can argue with a small margin of error that the egyptian culture was prevalent.
Phetonte's myth (Fetonte).
The logical deduction takes us to think that the name of the town too could be somehow linked to the prevalent religion.
And in the Egyptian Gods there is one that particularly has an assonant epithet with the modern name, and ancient too. This goddess was Athor, represented with a hyerogliph of cow or bull.
Probably this goddess was called, in the old times, simply Ator.
This is because the not pictorial hyerogliph of the letter. A was represented by a circle surmounted by two small bars(horns) and symbolized just the animal or, to say it better, the symbolic archetypal strength of the cow or bull.
- Assonance between Ator and the modern name Toro (bull) - Roberto - page 2
Hyerogliph of goddess Hathor, the Cow of the Sky that represents the sky too.
So the town could have been dedicated to Goddess Hathor (goddess Mother, Goddess of Love, Goddess of Providence). The Holy Cow represents the Sky under which the Sun (Ra) and the Stars light up the Earth (Geb) and stands on the four legs representing the four cardinal points...
We also know that Torino didn't only have an egyptian print, at least culturally, but was in contact and in relationship with Gallic and Celtic.
(Strangely) We find also in these cultures a very similar Goddess to the egyptian one Hathor and this is Thor. It was a very important God, in the northern culture, similar to the Greek God Zeus, or the Roman one Giove. We want to underline that in Piemontese dialect the word Tor means exactly Bull.
Taurinorum comes from Hathor(Ator) or from Thor? .
The assonances are very similar, as similar is the myth of Osiri with his bride Iside, sons of goddess Nut(or Hathor). I remember you that Goddess Nut has a hyerogliph a little bit different from Hathor; in fact Hathor seems to come from the religious tradition of southern Egypt, while Nut is the hyerogliph in the tradition of northern Egypt. But such differences are much more aestetich than substantial, in fact they both represent the same Goddess. Besides I have here-forward related a passage of the egyptian myth about the fight between Gods (Horo and Seth) in which Hathor appears repairing the eyes of Horo hit by Seth.
Complex hyerogliph of Goddess Nut - Hathor.
So we have an ancient Torino with deep religious roots intrinsic to different but substantially similar cultures.When after Costantino with the new age the Cristianity came, many temples were rebaptized but the cult of Iside didn't lose its veneration that developed itself toward the new feminine figure: the christian cult of Mary,Christ's mother.
The christian Virgin-Mother will in fact re-unite all the big fundamental values of the ancient Goddess: the Motherhod, the Love, the Providence and all the holy feminine values. But Torino will still keep the remember and the epithet of Osiri alive, already called Giove, by Romans, and nowaday called Giovanni (patron saint of the town) in italian idiom.